4Problem Solving -> Methanol Economy
Beyond oil and gas era:The methanol economy(2nd version)
This is a forward-looking book,which inspires people to explore.lt’s a valuable reference for researchers in energy,oil and gas industry,chemistry and coal chemical industry,engineering technicians and management staff of government
Author’s brief introduction
George Andrew Olah(May22,1927)is a Hungarian and American chemist.His research involves the generation and eracticity of carbocations via superacids.For this research,Olah was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1994.He has also been awarded the priestley Medal,the highest honor granted by the American Chenmical Research of the American Chemical Society in 1996.
Methanol economy
The methanol economy is a suggested future economy in which methanol replaces fossil fuels as a means of energy storage,ground transportation fuel,and raw material for synthetic hydrocarbons and their products.it offers an alternative to the proposed hydrogen economy or ethanol economy. In the 1990s,Nobel prize winner George A.Olah advocated a methanol economy;in 2006,he and two co-authors,G.K.Surya Prakash and Alain Goeppert,published a summary of the state of fossil fuel and alternative energy sources,including their availability and limitations,before suggesting amethanol economy. Methanol can be produced from a wide variety of sources including still-abundant fossil fuels(natural gas,coal,oil shale,tar sands,etc.),but also agricultural products and municipal waste,wood and varied biomass.lt can also be made from chemical recycling of carbon dioxide. Methanol is a fuel for heat engines and fuel cells.Due to its high octane rating it can be used directly as a fuel in flex-fuel cars(including hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles)using existing internal combustion engines(ICE).Methanol can also be used as a fuel in fuel cells,either directly in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells(DMFC)or indirectly(after conversion into hydrogen by reforming).